Central Americas modern history is marked by widespread poverty, stark inequalities, political instability, and violent repression.
Since the early 1980s Washington has sought to break down all barriers to U.S. trade and investment in Mexico.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
Since 1994 U.S. statements regarding a newly democratic South Africa, under the leadership of Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) have frequently been cast in the language of a love fest.
The U.S. trade embargo and various other sanctions against Cuba have been in place for some 36 yearsand U.S. policy toward the island has changed little in that time.
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), a wholly owned government corporation established in 1971, provides taxpayer-backed and taxpayer-funded loans, loan guarantees, and insurance to businesses for investments in politically risky countries.
The U.S. views Libya and Sudan as rogue states that should be contained by providing U.S. military aid to neighboring countries.
The unquiet legacy of foreign intervention still casts a long shadow over U.S. policy in Indochina.
For 20 years the gap has been widening between the level of economic development in Africa and every other area of the world.
Today, member countries number 125 (nearly the whole world except China, some former communist countries, and a number of small nations) and WTO rules apply to over 90 percent of international trade.
Since the end of the cold war, the global proliferation of chemical and biological weapons (CBWs) has become more prominent in U.S. national security and foreign policy planning.
In promoting structural adjustment, the U.S. has concentrated on short-term profits for businesses and narrow diplomatic gain.
The economic crisis in Mexico has dampened enthusiasm in the U.S. for the extension of free-trade agreements throughout the Americas.
The controversy that surrounded North Korea’s incipient nuclear capacity had the fortuitous outcome of engaging the U.S. in direct and fruitful dialogue with the DPRK.
Over the past decade, nuclear weapons have been reduced from 70,000 to 40,000. The U.S. and Russia hold 97% of these remaining nuclear weapons.